PSYC3004: Mind, Meaning and Discourse
Module Leader Dave Hiles (Room: H0.17b)
PSYC3004: Teaching Programme
Lectures:-There will be 2 hrs of lectures for this module each week of the semester, i.e. Weeks 1 - 12 in BH0.3.
4. Lec. 7: Discourse, Power & Reality. (Burr - 4 & 5) Language and power (Foucault). Discourse, ideology and reality (Parker, Potter).
Lec. 8: Joking and the ownership of language. Postmodern contexts.
5. Lec. 9: Discourse, Subjectivity & Agency. (Burr - 6 & 7) The person as discourse-user. Identity, subject positions, positioning and subjectivity. Self, agency and change.
Lec. 10: Memories and Situated Occasioned Action. (Burr - 7) John Dean's memory (Neisser; Edwards & Potter). Discursive analysis of memory: Verbatim, gist, repisodic, metamemory, confabulation.
6. Lec. 11 & 12: Power and Meaning in Social Relationships (Michael Larkin)
7. Lec. 13&14: Race - The Floating Signifier. Physical differences between people are far less important than the meanings given to these differences. Race is a discursive construct (Stuart Hall: video + discussion).
8. Lec. 15&16: Narrative Psychology. The narrative turn psychology (Sarbin, Bruner, Polkinghorne). The narrative construction of reality. Narrative reframing. Self construction in narrative (Sacks, Kerby).
9. Lec. 17&18: Humanisitic Perspectives: The cry for myth. Humanistic approaches to myth & folklore (Rollo May, Bruno Bettleheim). Cultural and social practices. The functions of narrative.
10. Lec. 19: Illness Narratives (Brown)
Lec. 20: Transexual Narratives (Ceri Parsons)
11. Lec. 21&22: Healing Narratives. Counselling and psychotherapy as situated action. Narrative therapy (Mair, Polkinghorne, Spence, Schafer, McLeod). Freud and the fragmentary self - the discursive contexts of transference, projection, identity, neurosis, etc. Lacan's interpretation of Freud.
12. Lec. 23: Discourse from the Crib - Developmental perspectives. Crib-narratives (Nelson). The (E)merging Subject. Proto-narratives: fort-da game (Freud).
Lec. 24: Revision. (Burr - 9) Themes, voices, tensions, constructions for an emerging Cultural Psychology.
Burr, V. (2003) Social Constructionism.
2nd Edition. Routledge. (This is a NEW edition, do not buy the old
(n.b. references above to chapters in this essential text use the following notation:-e.g. Burr - 2 & 3)
Bruner, J. (1990) Acts of Meaning. Harvard University Press.
Edwards, D. & Potter, J. (1992) Discursive Psychology. Sage. (Chap. 2)
Hiles, D. (2002) An Introduction to Narrative Psychology. (Draft manuscript).
Smith, J., Harré, R. & Van Langhenhove, L. (1995a) Rethinking Psychology. Sage.
Smith, J.A., Jarman, M. & Osborn, M. (1999) Doing interpretative phenomenolgical analysis. In M. Murray & K. Chamberlain (Eds.) Qualitative Health Psychology. Sage.
Participation in seminars for this module is a requirement. Failure to attend without good reason will be reported to your Subject Authority Board, and will be reflected in your Overall Assessment where examination marks are borderline.
You are assigned to a seminar group, and will follow a rota of five topics over the teaching weeks 2 - 12. See the timetable, published at the beginning of Semester 1, for further details. (SCL - Student Centred Learning - this is REQUIRED READING).
Wk 2/3 Topic 1: An introduction to social constructionism. [SCL: Burr - 1 & 2; Hiles 1996b]
Wk 4/5 Topic 2: Analysing discourse: Jokes and their discursive context. [SCL: Burr - 9]
Wk 6/7 Topic 3: Memory, truth & discourse (Memory as situated action). [SCL: Edwards & Potter; Hiles 1996a]
Wk 8/9 Topic 4: Theorizing human differences (Race, gender, age, class, sexuality, disability, etc). [SCL: Burr - 6; Notes on Stuart Hall’s lecture]
Wk 11/12 Topic 5: Narrative thinking. [SCL: Hiles 2002]
During Weeks 16/17 (approx) there will be a 3 hour unseen examination for the whole module, and this will count towards 100% of the Overall Module Mark. Further details will be circulated later. Previous examination papers for this module are available here.
Students are also invited to contribute to the PSYC3004 Module Bulletin Board available on the DMU Electronic Campus. This is an opportunity to respond to a range of topics, to enter into debate, and for all students to contribute to the creation of a major resource for the module. Contributions will be considered with respect to borderline module marks.
Further Reading & Background References, etc.
This fairly comprehensive reference list is provided as a resource for students to further their exploration of the issues and topics raised in the module, or simply to follow up references given in lectures.
n.b. The KEY TEXTS above are essential, and will be referred to extensively. Supplementary Reading is required reading and will be made available to students on SHORT LOAN in the library. The Further Reading list provides important texts for reference available in the Scraptoft Library. Background References gives a listing of the main references used in lectures and tutorials, and will be useful for pursuing a topic in depth, or for future study.
Banister, P., Burman, E., Parker, I., Taylor, M. & Tindall, C. (1994) Qualitative Methods in Psychology. OU Press.
Edwards, D. (1997) Discourse and Cognition. Sage.
Engel, S. (1999) Context is everything: The nature of memory. Freeman.
Gergen, K.J. (1985) The social constructionist movement in modern psychology. Amer. Psychologist, 40, 266-75.
Gergen, K.J. (1999) An Invitation to Social Constructionism. Sage.
Harré, R. (1998) The Singular Self: An introduction to the psychology of personhood. Sage
Harré, R. & Gillet, G. (1994) The Discursive Mind. Sage
Harré, R. & Secord, P.F. (1972) The Explanation of Social Behaviour. Blackwell.
Harré, R. & Stearns, P. (1995) Discursive Psychology in Practice. Sage.
Hiles, D. (1996b) Cultural Psychology and the Centre-ground of Psychology. 26th ICP, Montreal. [ Available here ]
Hiles, D. (1999) Paradigms Lost - Paradigms Regained. 18th IHSRC, Sheffield, July 26 -29.
Mair, M. (1989) Psychology as a discipline of discourse. BPS Psychotherapy Section Newsletter, No. 7.
May, R. (1991) The Cry for Myth. Souvenir Press.
Nelson, K. (Ed.) (1989) Narratives from the Crib. Harvard University Press.
Nightingale, D.J. & Cromby, J. (1999) Social Constructionist Psychology: A critical analysis of theory and practice. Open University Press.
Polkinghorne, D.E. (1988) Narrative Knowing and the Human Sciences. SUNY Press.
Potter, J. (1996) Representing Reality: Discourse, rhetoric and social construction. Sage.
Potter, J. & Wetherall, M. (1987) Discourse and Social Psychology: Beyond Attitudes and Behaviour. Sage.
Sacks, O. (1986) The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat. Pan Books.
Sarbin, T.R. (1986). Narrative as a root metaphor in psychology. In T.R. Sarbin (Ed.) Narrative Psychology: The storied nature of human conduct. Praeger.
Shotter, J. & Gergen, K.J. (1989) Texts of Identity. Sage.
Smith, J., Harré, R. & Van Langhenhove, L. (1995b) Rethinking Methods in Psychology. Sage.
Cultural Psychology, Language and Thought
Aitchison, J. (1995) Introducing Language and Mind. Penguin.
Brislin, R. (1993) Understanding Culture's Influence on Behaviour. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Bruner, J. (1986) Actual Minds, Possible Worlds. Harvard University Press.
Carroll, J.B. (Ed) (1964) Language, Thought and Reality: Selected writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf. MIT Press.
Cole, M. (1990) "Cultural Psychology: A once and future discipline?" In J.J. Barman (ed.), Cross-cultural
Perspectives, Nebraska Symposium on Motivation 1989. Univ. of Nebraska Press.
Dennett, D.C. (1993 ) Consciousness Explained. Penguin.
Gauld, A. & Shotter, J. (1977) Human Action and its Psychological Investigation. RKP.
Goldberger, N.R. & Veroff, J.B. (eds) (1995) The Culture and Psychology Reader. New York University Press.
Griswold, W. (1994) Cultures and Societies in a Changing World. Pine Forge Press.
Groat, L. (1995) Giving places meaning (Readings in environmental psychology series). Academic Press.
Grodin, D. & Lindlof, T.R. (Eds) (1996) Constructing the Self in a Mediated World. Sage.
Hartland, J. (1991) Language & Thought. BPS Books.
Humphrey, N. (1992) A History of Mind. Vintage.
Jahoda, G. (1992) Crossroads Between Culture and Mind: Continuities and change in theories of human nature.
Jenks, C. (1993) Culture. Routledge.
Lee, D. (1992) Competing Discourses: Perspective and ideology in language. Longman.
Middleton, D. & Edwards, D. (1990) Collective Remembering. Sage.
Pinker, S. (1995) The Language Instinct: The new science of language and mind. Penguin.
Sapir, E. (1994 [1928/39]) The Psychology of Culture. (Edited and reconstructed by J.T. Irvine). Mouton de Gruyter.
Shore, B. (1996) Culture in Mind: Cognition, culture, and the problem of meaning. OUP.
Showalter, E. (1997) Hystories: Hysterical epidemics and modern culture. Picador.
Shweder, R.A. (1991) Thinking Through Cultures: Expeditions in cultural psychology. Harvard.
Shweder, R.A. & Sullivan, M.A. (1993) Cultural Psychology: Who needs it? Annual Review of Psychology. 44, 497-523.
Trevarthen, C. (1995) The child's need to learn a culture. Children & Society, 9, 5-19.
Social Construction and Discourse Analysis
Burman, E. & Parker, I. (1993) Discourse Analytic Research: Repertoires and readings of texts in action. Routledge.
Gergen, K.J. (1991) The Saturated Self: Dilemmas of identity in contemporary life. Basic Books
Gergen, K.J. (1993) Toward Transformation in Social Knowledge. (2nd Ed.) Sage.
Gergen, K.J. (1994) Realities and Relationships: Soundings in social construction. Harvard.
Gergen, K.J. & Davis, K.E. (Eds) (1985) The Social Construction of the Person. Springer-Verlag.
Parker, I. (1992) Discourse Dynamics: Critical analysis for social and individual psychology. Routledge.
Parker, I. (Ed.) (1998) Social Constructionism, Discourse and Realism. Sage.
Purdie, S. (1993) Comedy: The mastery of discourse. Harvester.
Sarbin, T.R. & Kitsuse, J.I. (Eds.) (1994) Constructing the Social. Sage.
Shotter, J. (1993) Conversational Realities: Constructing life through language. Sage.
Wetherell, M. & Potter, J. (1992) Mapping the Language of Racism: Discourse and the legitimation of
exploitation. Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Basch, M.F. (1988) Understanding Psychotherapy: The science behind the art. Basic Books.
Cox, M. & Theilgaard, A. (1987) Mutative Metaphors in Psychotherapy. Tavistock.
Freedman, J. & Combs, G. (1996) Narrative Therapy: The social construction of preferred realities. Norton.
Luria, A. R. (1975) The Man With a Shattered World. Penguin.
Macmillan, A. (1989) Developmental Narratives: The construction of life stories in therapy. BPS Psychotherapy
Section Newsletter, No. 7, pp. 19-27.
McNamee, S. & Gergen, K.J. (1992) Therapy as Social Construction. Sage.
Neimeyer, R.A. & Mahoney, M.J. (1995) Constructivism in Psychotherapy. APA.
Phillips, A. (1993) On Kissing, Tickling and Being Bored. Faber & Faber.
Rogers, R. (1991) Self and Other: Object relations in psychoanalysis and literature. New York University Press.
Schafer, R. (1976) A New Language for Psychoanalysis. Yale University Press.
Schafer, R. (1992) Retelling a Life: Narration and dialogue in psychoanalysis. Basic.
Shepherd, V. (1990) Language Variety and the Art of the Everyday. Pinter Pub.
Spence, D.P. (1982) Narrative Truth versus Historical Truth: Meaning and interpretation in psychoanalysis. Norton.
Vaillant, G.E. (1993) The Wisdom of the Ego. Harvard.
Watzlawick, P., Beavin, J.H. & Jackson, D.D. (1967) Pragmatics of Human Communication: A study of interactional patterns, pathologies, and paradoxes. Norton.
Winnicott, D. (1971) Playing and Reality. Tavistock.
Recovered Memories and Psychoanalytic theory
Apignanesi, R. & Zarate, O. (1992) Freud for Beginners. Icon Books.
British Psychological Society (1995) Recovered Memories. The report of the Working Party of the BPS. nb. This is no longer available on the Internet.
Frosh, S. (1987) The Politics of Psychoanalysis. Macmillan.
Frosh, S. (1994) Psychoanalysis and Psychology: Minding the gap. Macmillan.
Grosz, E. (1990) Jacques Lacan: A feminist introduction. Routledge.
Hiles, D. (1996a) Recovered Memories: A discursive psychology model. 26th ICP, Montreal.
Lacan, J. (1979) The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis. Penguin.
Leader, D. & Groves, J. (1995) Lacan for Beginners. Icon Books.
Lemaire, A. (1970 (Trans. D. Macey) Jacques Lacan. Routledge.
Loftus, E. (1993) The reality of repressed memories. Amer. Psychologist, 48, 518-537.
Mollon, P. (1998) Remembering Trauma: A psychotherapist’s guide to memory and illusion. Wiley.
Neisser, U. & Fivush, R. (1994) The Remembering Self: Construction and accuracy in the self-narrative. CUP.
Pope, K.S. (1996) Memory, Abuse, and Science: Questioning claims about the false memory syndrome epidemic. Amer. Psychologist, 51, 957-974.
Pope, K.S. (1997) Science as Careful Questioning: Are claims of a false memory syndrome epidemic based on empirical evidence. Amer. Psychologist, 52, 997-1006.
Sarup, M. (1992) Jacques Lacan. Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Stevens, R. (1983) Freud and Psychoanalysis. Open University Press.
Symmington, N. (1986) The Analytic Experience. Free Association Press.
In addition, the following papers by Freud are found in the respective volume of the Penguin Freud Library (PFL), or in several collections published independently. These are short in length and very readable.
Jokes and their relation to the unconscious  PFL6
Formulations on the two principles of mental functioning  PFL11
Beyond the pleasure principle  PFL11
An outline of psychoanalysis (1940) PFL15
Narrative and Myth
Britton, B.K. & Pellegrini, A.D. (1990) Narrative Thought and Narrative Language. LEA.
Bettelheim, B. (1976) The Uses of Enchantment: The meaning and importance of fairy tales. Penguin.
Engel, S. (1994) Narratives of Development. Freeman.
Fromm, E. (1951) The Forgotten Language. Grove Press.
Hiles, D. (1994) Narrative as a Sequence of Motivated Signs. 5th Congress IASS, San Francisco.
Kerby, A.P. (1991) Narrative and the Self. Indiana University Press.
McLeod, J. (1997) Narrative and Psychotherapy. Sage.
Mumby, D.K. (1993) Narrative and Social Control. Sage.
Propp, V. (1968) Morphology of the Folktale. (trans.) University of Texas Press.
Riessman, C.K. (1993) Narrative Analysis. Sage.
Sarbin, T.R.(Ed.) (1986). Narrative Psychology: The storied nature of human conduct. Praeger.
Zipes, J. (1983) Fairy Tales and the Art of Subversion. Heinemann.
Post-modernism, Ideology, Social & Critical Theory, etc
Anderson, W.T. (1990) Reality Isn’t What It Used To Be. Harper.
Anderson, W.T. (Ed) (1995) The Truth About the Truth: De-confusing and re-constructing the postmodern world. Tarcher/Putnam.
Bottomore, T. (1984) The Frankfurt School. Tavistock.
Cain, M. & Harrington, C.B. (Eds.) (1994) Lawyers in a Postmodern World: Translation and transgression. OU Press.
Easthope, A. & McGowan , K. (Eds.) (1992) A Critical and Cultural Theory Reader. OU Press.
Elliott, A. (1992) Social Theory & Psychoanalysis in Transition: Self and society from Freud to Kristeva. Blackwell.
Foucault, M. (1972) The Archaeology of Knowledge, & The Discourse on Language. Pantheon.
Grosz, E. (1990) Jacques Lacan: A feminist introduction. Routledge.
Held, D. (1980) Introduction to Critical Theory: Horkheimer to Habermas. Hutchinson.
Henriques, J., Holloway, W., Urwin, C., Venn, C. & Walkerdine, V. (1984) Changing the Subject: Psychology,
social regulation and subjectivity. Methuen.
Jameson, F. (1972) The Prison-House of Language. Princeton University Press.
Jameson, F. (1981) The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a socially symbolic act. Methuen.
Kvale, S. (Ed.) (1992) Psychology and Postmodernism. Sage.
Leavy, S.A. (1980) The Psychoanalytic Dialogue. Yale University Press.
Sarup, M. (1993) An Introductory Guide to Post-structuralism and Post-modernism. (2nd Ed.) Harvester.
Scott, J. (1995) Sociological Theory: Contemporary debates. Edward Elgar.
Journal of Language and Social Psychology
The following websites can be accessed on the Internet, many are rich in
links to further sites. If these fail, or if you find others that are
particularly useful, please tell me about them.
Kenneth Gergen:- http://www.swarthmore.edu/SocSci/kgergen1/index.html
The Virtual Faculty:- http://www.massey.ac.nz/~alock//virtual/welcome.htm
Psyche Matters:- http://psychematters.com/index.htm
Janus Head:- http://www.janushead.org/index.cfm
Narrative Psychology:- http://maple.lemoyne.edu/~hevern/narpsych.html
Some good introductions to (Post)Modern Thought:- http://www.heartfield.demon.co.uk/start.htm
© Dave Hiles 2001, 2002, 2003